Helping You Maintain a Healthy Life with Diabetes
People diagnosed with diabetes have trouble using glucose for energy and
experience high blood sugar levels. Diabetes is a chronic condition that
can result in major health problems if left untreated.
Common symptoms that indicate you may have diabetes include:
- Tiredness or lack of energy
- Frequent urination
- Frequently feeling hungry or thirsty
- Unexplained weight loss
- Injuries such as cuts and bruises take a long time to heal
- Numbness or tingling in fingers or toes
Diabetes can affect anyone, but you are more susceptible if you are overweight,
over the age of 40, do not exercise, or have a family history of diabetes.
Type 1 Diabetes
The exact cause of Type 1 Diabetes is unknown, though we do know that it
is not caused by eating too much sugar.
Type 1 diabetes can be diagnosed by simple blood tests that check for a
high level of glucose in your blood. Glucose tests may need to be repeated
in order to confirm the diagnosis.
Type 2 Diabetes
People of all backgrounds can get diabetes. More often, though, it affects
African-Americans, Native Americans, Hispanics, Asian Americans, and Pacific
Islanders. Other factors that increase risk include:
- A family history of diabetes
- Being overweight
- Being over age 40
- Having had gestational diabetes (diabetes during pregnancy)
- Not enough physical activity
Common questions often asked by patients with Type 2 Diabetes include:
- Do you feel tired all the time?
- Do you urinate often?
- Do you feel thirsty or hungry all the time?
- Are you losing weight for no reason?
- Do cuts and bruises heal slowly?
- Do you have numbness or tingling in your fingers or toes?
If so, see your health care provider.
Diabetes can be treated by a variety of medications. Some medications can
be swallowed while others have to be injected. Some medications, such
as insulin, can be taken in more than one way.
- Oral medications (pills)
- Injections (shots given using a syringe or pen-like devices)
- Insulin pumps (devices that can deliver a steady amount of insulin 24 hours a day